International Scientific Publishing Co.
Advances in Biomedicine and Pharmacy

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Research Article

Phytochemical Screening of Aquilegia nivalis Flax Jackson: An Important Medicinal Plant of Kashmir Himalaya: A Perspective

Mudasar Ahmad1,3, Zahoor A. Kaloo1,3, Bashir A. Ganai 2 , Ubaid Yaqoob3 , Hilal A. Ganaie 2


Medicinal plants contain bioactive compounds which are used for the treatment various ailments. Phytochemicals have been categorized in two categories, primary and secondary metabolites. Primary include chlorophyll, proteins, sugar and amino acids. Secondary constituents include terpenoids and alkaloids. The present study involves the phytochemical screening of endemic perennial medicinal herb - Aquilegia nivalis which is reported from Kashmir Himalaya. The aerial parts and rhizomes of the selected medicinal plant were washed, air dried and then powdered for qualitative and quantitative analysis. Different extracts of aerial parts and rhizomes were used to find out the phytochemical constituents in the A. nivalis. The main objective of this work was to check the presence or absence of the phytochemical constituents and quantitative analysis of alkaloids, phenols and saponin in methanolic extracts of aerial parts and rhizomes of A. nivalis. The results of the phytochemical analysis of A. nivalis showed that the terpenoids, phlobatannins, flavonoids and alkaloids were present. The phytochemical analysis of medicinal plants is very important commercially and has great interest in pharmaceutical companies for the production of the new drugs for curing various diseases. It is expected that the important phytochemical constituents detected in A. nivalis found in Kashmir Himalaya may prove as important source of novel phytochemicals.
Keywords: Aquilegia nivalis, phytochemical screening, quantitative analysis, medicinal plants.